Thursday, November 10, 2011

If life existed on Mars, rover equipped for the search


By  Clara Moskowitz
 
 
NASA's Curiosity rover is shown here during final testing at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. (NASA/JPL)
(Space.com)  NASA's newest Mars rover, the Mini Cooper-size Curiosity, is just over two weeks away from launching to the Red Planet.
The Curiosity rover is larger, and can travel farther, than any roving vehicle ever sent to Mars. Its goal is to investigate whether our planetary next-door neighbor was ever hospitable to life.
"We have been studying the planet as a whole with our orbiters, and with recent rovers we've been following evidence of water on the surface," said Ashwin Vasavada, the deputy project scientist for Curiosity at NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, Calif. "This rover is the first to address the next goal, which is to search for habitable environments. We're landing on a place that has the potential to have been habitable in the past, one that could have supported life, and we want to understand whether that actually was the case."
Curiosity, also known as NASA's Mars Science Laboratory, has been under development for seven years. Now, scientists who have devoted years to the project are nearing the home stretch, when they will see the hardware they've designed and built finally lifted off into space.

[Mars Explored: Landers and Rovers Since 1971 (Infographic)]
The $2.5 billion rover is slated to launch on an Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The liftoff is scheduled for Nov. 25 at 10:25 a.m. EST (1725 GMT).
The 1,980-pound (900 kgs) rover has already been shipped to the Cape and packed aboard the rocket.
"It's a relief," Vasavada told SPACE.com. "It's really a huge milestone for the project. We've handed over the rover and its spacecraft to the launch vehicle people and said goodbye."
After Curiosity launches, it will take about nine months to reach Mars, with an expected landing in August 2012. The spacecraft carrying the rover will descend partway to the surface on a parachute, and then it will act as a "Sky Crane," hovering in the air while gently lowering the rover, attached to tethers, onto the ground.
"I think, psychologically, landing is by far the most difficult part because everything has to go right in about seven minutes," Vasavada said. "The entire future of the mission depends on everything going right in that seven minutes."
The challenge of reaching Mars was highlighted Tuesday (Nov. 8), when Russia's Phobos-Grunt spacecraft failed set course for the Red Planet shortly after launching into space. The Phobos-Grunt mission is an ambitious project to collect samples from the Mars moon Phobos. Russian engineers are working to try and salvage the mission.

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